Kosmos 1686 Salyut 7 With Soyuz T 15 Space Station Free Paper Model Download
The Story of Space Station Mir David M. Harland 2007-12-26 * Details how a succession of Salyut space stations led to the development of Mir. * Depicts Mir’s assembly piece by piece, in space, between 1982 and 1996. * Describes how Mir became an international research laboratory. * Advises how Mir technology went on to form the ‘core modules’ of the ISS. * The definitive account of Mir throughout its life through to de-orbiting in March 2001.
Russian Space Probes Brian Harvey 2011-05-04 Brian Harvey recounts for the first time the definitive history of scientific Russian space probes and the knowledge they acquired of the Earth, its environment, the Moon, Mars and Venus. He examines what Russian Space Science has actually achieved in furthering our knowledge of the Solar System, focusing on the instrumentation and scientific objectives and outcomes, the information gained and lessons learnt. Boxes and charts are used extensively in order to convey in an easily understandable manner for the non-scientific reader the problems and issues addressed and solved by Soviet space science. The book opens with the story of early space science in Russia, which started when the first Russian rockets were fired into the high atmosphere from Kapustin Yar in the late 1940s. Instruments were carried to measure and map the atmosphere and later rockets carried dogs to test their reactions to weightlessness. In order to beat America into Earth orbit, two simpler satellites than originally planned were launched, Sputnik and Sputnik 2, which provided some initial information on atmospheric density, while the following Sputnik 3 carried twelve instruments to measure radiation belts, solar radiation, the density of the atmosphere and the Earth’s magnetic field. The author recounts how, by the 1960s, the Soviet Union had developed a program of investigation of near-Earth space using satellites within the Cosmos program, in particular the DS (Dnepropetrovsky Sputnik), small satellites developed to investigate meteoroids, radiation, the magnetic fields, the upper atmosphere, solar activity, ionosphere, charged particles, cosmic rays and geophysics. Brian Harvey then gives the scientific results from Russian lunar exploration, starting with the discovery of the solar wind by the First Cosmic Ship and the initial mapping of the lunar far side by the Automatic Interplanetary Station. He describes Luna 10, which made the first full study of the lunar environment, Luna 16 which brought soil back to Earth and the two Moon rovers which travelled 50 kms across the lunar surface taking thousands of measurements, soil analyses and photographs, as well as profiles of discrete areas. Chapters 4 and 5 describe in detail the scientific outcomes of the missions to Venus and Mars, before considering the orbiting space stations in Chapter 6. Space science formed an important part of the early manned space program, the prime focus being the human reaction to weightlessness, how long people could stay in orbit and the effects on the body, as well as radiation exposure. Chapter 7 looks at the later stage of Soviet and Russian space science, including Astron and Granat, the two observatories of the 1980s, and Bion, the space biology program which flew monkeys and other animals into orbit. The final chapter looks forward to a new period of Russian space science with the Spektr series of observatories and a range smaller science satellites under the Federal Space Plan 2006-2015.
Creating the International Space Station David M. Harland 2002-02-06 As the most obvious man-made object in the night sky, clearly visible to the naked eye, the International Space Station is of interest to almost everyone. This book describes the technical aspects of its design and construction and details of its day-to-day operation.
Daily Report 1985-10
Histories of the Soviet / Russian Space Program - Volume 5 National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) 2017-09-08 This fascinating and informative series of Soviet space program history reports concludes with a reproduction of a truly historic document: Soviet Space Programs, 1981-87. The history of the Russian spaceflight effort is chronicled in these superb Congressional Research Service reports to Congress. They provide an "as-it-happened" contemporaneous account of every element of the Soviet program: manned and unmanned programs, military satellite, launch sites, compendiums of official statements, plans, international participation and cosmonauts, and much more. This volume includes coverage of the Soviet version of the Space Shuttle. Every student of space flight needs to have these important reports in their collection. Who's Ahead * Glasnost and Glavkosmos * Recent Process * Missing Elements * The Effect of Soviet Space Activities On U.S. Space Policy * PART ONE * PILOTED SPACE ACTIVITIES * Chapter 1 * Historical Summary * The Beginning: 1957-1960 * The Moon Race Era: 1961-1970 * The Space Station Era Begins: 1971-1977 * Salyut 1-3 and Cosmos 557; Soyuz 12 and 13 * Salyut 4 and the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project * Salyut 5 and Soyuz 22 * Second-Generation Stations-Salyut 6 and 7: 1977-1983 * Salyut 6 and 7 Activity Summary * Salyut 6 and 7 Experiments: 1977-1983 * Materials Processing and Other Materials Experiments * Remote Sensing * Astronomy * Atmospheric Studies * Spaceplane and Space Shuttle * Space Life Sciences * Initial Uncertainty * Humans Enter Space * Soyuz: Space Flight Becomes Routine * Salyut: The Space Station Era * Supporting Biomedical Research * Conclusion * Chapter 2 * Salyut 7: 1984-1986 * Experiments * Materials processing and Other Materials Science * Isparitel-M (Spray Coating) * Welding, Spray Coating and Space Construction on EVA * Tamping and Svetoblok-T Gel Experiments * Korund, Magma-F, and Kristillizator (Materials Processing) * Tavriya (Electrophoresis) * EFU-Robot (Electrophoresis) * Electrophotograph and Microdeformator (Deterioration of Materials in Space) * Other * Medical/Biological Experiments * Exercise * Cardiology * Motion Sickness * Other Medical * Biological * Remote Sensing of the Earth and its Oceans * Indian "Terra" Observations * Gyunesh and Black Sea Observation Program * Observations of Special Interest * Astronomy * Atmospheric Studies * Military Experiments * 1984 Activities * Soyuz T-10/T-11: 237 Day Mission * Docking and Initial Operations * Details of the Six EVAs * Repairing the Fuel Leak * EVA 5: Installing Gallium Arsenide Solar Panels * End of Mission and Return to Earth * Soyuz T-11/T-10: First Indian Cosmonaut * Soyuz T-12: The First EVA by a Woman * Major Tasks * Savitskaya's EVA * Post-Flight Press Conference * Future of Women on Soviet Space Crews * 1985 Activities * Soyuz T-13 and T-14: Resurrecting Salyut 7; First Crew Rotation * Soyuz T-13 * Reviving Salyut 7 * The Mission Continues * Installing Another Set of Solar Panels * Soyuz T-14 Launch and First Crew Rotation * Soyuz T-13 Departs and Cosmos 1686 Arrives * Vasyutin's Illness Forces Early Mission Termination * 1986 Activities * Soyuz T-15 and Salyut 7: Final Crew Operations * Two EVAs for Space Construction and a New Laser Communications Device * Experiments Resume Inside the Station * The Return to Mir and the Future of Salyut 7 * Chapter 3 * MIR: 1986-1987 * Design * MIR Dimensions and Basic Control Systems * Communications * Windows * Computers * Docking Ports * Electrical Supply * MIR'S Interior * A Tour * Life Support * Future Modules * Experiments * Materials Processing and Other Materials Science * Pion-M (Heat and Mass Transfer) * Korund-IM (Materials Processing) * Kristillizator (Materials Processing) * Yantar (Spray Coating) * Svetoblok (Gel) * Svetlana and Ruchyey (Electrophoresis) * Other * Medical/Biological * Medical * Plant Growth * Remote Sensing of the Earth and its Oceans * Al-Furat (Euphrates) * Geoeks-86 and Tele-Geo-87
The Current Digest of the Soviet Press 1986
Tragedy and Triumph in Orbit Ben Evans 2012-06-01 April 12, 2011 is the 50th anniversary of Yuri Gagarin’s pioneering journey into space. To commemorate this momentous achievement, Springer-Praxis is producing a mini series of books that reveals how humanity’s knowledge of flying, working, and living in space has grown in the last half century. “Tragedy and Triumph” focuses on the 1980s and early 1990s, a time when relations between the United States and the Soviet Union swung like a pendulum between harmony and outright hostility. The glorious achievements of the shuttle were violently arrested by the devastating loss of Challenger in 1986, while the Soviet program appeared to prosper with the last Salyut and the next-generation Mir orbital station. This book explores the continued rivalry between the two superpowers during this period, with each attempting to outdo the other – the Americans keen to build a space station, the Soviets keen to build a space shuttle – and places their efforts in the context of a bitterly divisive decade, which ultimately led them into partnership.
Space Activities of the United States, Soviet Union, and Other Launching Countries Marcia S. Smith 1987
Human Spaceflight Joseph A. Angelo 2009-01-01 Presents an introduction to human space exploration, discussing the evolution of space technology that has allowed the human race to go from merely orbiting the Earth to landing on the Moon and living for months in a space station.
Dictionary of Space Technology Joseph Angelo 2013-10-31 Originally published in 1981, the completely revised and updated second edition of the Dictionary of Space Technology illustrates the advances of the last 20 years and makes accessible nearly every word, concept, and event relating to this branch of science. It guides lay persons and professionals alike through humankind's activities in space, the beginnings of our extraterrestrial society, and the increasingly important role of space sciences in everyday life. Defines more than 1,500 terms, including: science basics; historic events; defence and armed forces terminology; and planetary sciences. Enhanced by more than 175 photographs and drawings, this Dictionary covers the past, the present and the future of space, space flight, and space technology.
Soviet Space Programs, 1980-1985 Nicholas L. Johnson 1987
Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports 1992
Law and Policy in the Space Stations' Era Andrew Young 1989-05-16 "Space stations represent a watershed in man's exploitation and utilization of the space milieu. The several factors of: array of hardware; proliferation of space capability; constant presence of man in orbit; variety of activities; and multiplicity of participants, all coalesce to create an unprecedented era in man's conquest of space."--
Manned Spaceflight Britannica Educational Publishing 2009-10-01 Space travel is a familiar concept. Such was not the case in the early 20th century, when the United States and the former Soviet Union were locked in a race to send humans into orbit. This book details the history of manned spaceflight, from the development of rockets to the advent of space tourism. Readers also are introduced to the men and women who have been willing to soar into the great unknown.
The Soviet Manned Space Programme Phillip Clark 1988 Traces the development of the Soviet space program from Sputnik to the Mir space station, and looks at future Soviet plans for the exploration of space.
World Affairs Report California Institute of International Studies 1986
Science and Technology Series 1987
Magill's Survey of Science: 1431-1916 Soyuz 9 Frank Northen Magill 1989
Space Debris 2001
Space World 1988
Space Activities of the United States, Soviet Union, and Other Launching Countries/organizations, 1957-1993 Marcia S. Smith 1994
USSR Report 1987
Soviet Space Programs, 1981-1987 Congressional Research Service 2016-09
Soviet Union 1988
Orbital Debris: A Chronology David S. F. Portree 1999
The Soviet Year in Space 1990
Space Resources John S. Lewis 1987 Although deconstruction has become a popular catchword, as an intellectual movement it has never entirely caught on within the university. For some in the academy, deconstruction, and Jacques Derrida in particular, are responsible for the demise of accountability in the study of literature. Countering these facile dismissals of Derrida and deconstruction, Herman Rapaport explores the incoherence that has plagued critical theory since the 1960s and the resulting legitimacy crisis in the humanities. Against the backdrop of a rich, informed discussion of Derrida's writings--and how they have been misconstrued by critics and admirers alike--The Theory Mess investigates the vicissitudes of Anglo-American criticism over the past thirty years and proposes some possibilities for reform.
Space Flight Lance K. Erickson 2010 Space exploration has fascinated us since the launch of the first primitive rockets more than three thousand years ago, and it continues to fascinate us today. The data gathered from such exploration have been hugely instrumental in furthering our understanding of our universe and our world. In Space Flight: History, Technology, and Operations, Lance K. Erickson offers a comprehensive book at the history of space exploration, the technology that makes it possible, and the continued efforts that promise to carry us into the future. Space Flight goes through the history of space exploration---from the earliest suborbital and orbital missions to today's deep-space probes---to provide a close look at past and present projects, then turns its attention to programs being planned today and the significance of future exploration. Focusing on research data gleaned from these exploration programs, the book's historical perspective highlights the progression of our scientific understanding of both the smallest and the largest entities in our universe, from subatomic particles to distant stars, planets, and galaxies. Both the novice and the advanced student of space exploration stand to profit from the author's engaging and insightful discussion.
Journal of the British Interplanetary Society British Interplanetary Society 2002
Astronautics and Aeronautics, 1985 United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Scientific and Technical Information Division 1988
Into the Final Frontier Bernard McNamara 2001 One of the greatest accomplishments of the 20th century was man's advance into space. This book traces the development of manned space flight from the late 1800's to the present time and offers speculation about man's future objectives in space. The book discusses the scientific results of manned space flight while also examining the cultural, military, and political factors that influenced these achievements. INTO THE FINAL FRONTIER is designed to work as a supplement to a main astronomy course or in a course specifically targeting the space program.
The Continuing Story of The International Space Station Peter Bond 2002-05 The first era of spaceflight and exploration was a race between rivals. With the advent of the International Space Station a new era of international cooperation is with us. Peter Bond explores the challenges and achievements of the ISS so far.
Space Activities of the United States, Soviet Union, and Other Launching Countries: 1957-1987 Marcia S. Smith 1988
Spacecraft Tables, 1957-1990 Jos Heyman 1991 "This book is a public record of all space launches of all space-active countries from 1957 to 1990"--Page 4 of cover.
Encyclopedia of Space and Astronomy Joseph A. Angelo 2009-01-01 Presents a comprehensive reference to astronomy and space exploration, with articles on space technology, astronauts, stars, planets, key theories and laws and more.
Space K. P. Prakasam 1986
Europe and Asia in Space 1991
Mir Hardware Heritage David S. F. Portree 1995 The heritage of the major Mir complex hardware elements is described. These elements include Soyuz-TM and Progress-M ; the Kvant, Kvant 2, and Kristall modules ; and the Mir base block. Configuration changes and major mission events of Salyut 6, Salyut 7, and Mir multiport space stations are described in detail for the period 1977-1994. A comparative chronology of U.S. and Soviet/Russian manned spaceflight is also given for that period. The 68 illustrations include comparative scale drawings of U.S. and Russian spacecraft as well as sequential drawings depicting missions and mission events.
Soviet space programs 1988
Government Reports Announcements & Index 1992