When the Steam Railroads Electrified William D. Middleton 2001 The most comprehensive history of North American railroad electrification, William D. Middleton's When the Steam Railroads Electrified has been out of print for many years. Now, Indiana University Press is proud to announce the return of this much sought after volume in a new, updated second edition, with a new final chapter, appendixes, bibliography, index, and nearly 800 illustrations.For most of the first half of the twentieth century the United States led the world in railroad electrification. Before the outbreak of World War II, it had some 2400 route-miles and more than 6300 track-miles operating under electric power, far more than any other country and more than 20 percent of the world total.In almost every instance, electrification was a huge success. Running times were reduced. Tonnage capacities were increased. Fuel and maintenance costs were lowered, and the service lives of electric locomotives promised to be twice as long as those of steam locomotives. In many cases, the savings resulting from electric operation were sufficient to repay the cost of electrification in as little as five years.Yet despite its many triumphs, electrification of U.S. railroads failed to achieve the wide application that once was so confidently predicted. By the 1970s, it was the Soviet Union, with almost 22,000 electrified route-miles, that led the way, and the U.S. had declined to 17th place behind such countries as Czechoslovakia, Austria, Norway, and Brazil. For a while, the prospects for electric operation for U.S. railroads brightened during the energy crisis of the 1970s, and as power companies began to consider the major market represented by railroads, and then faded away again.Today, electric operation of U.S. railroads is back in the limelight. The federally funded Northeast Corridor Improvement Program has provided an expanded Northeast Corridor electrification, with high-speed trains that are giving the fastest rail passenger service ever seen in North America, while still other high-speed corridors are planned for other parts of the country. And with U.S. rail freight tonnage at its highest levels in history, the ability of electric locomotives to expand capacity promises to bring renewed consideration of freight railroad electrification.Middleton begins his ambitious chronicle of the ups and downs of railway electrification with the history of its early days, and brings it right up to the present - which is surely not the end of this complex and mercurial story.
The History of the St. Louis Car Company, "Quality Shops" Andrew D. Young 1978
Tramway Renaissance in Western Europe Dejan Petkov 2019-12-13 Dejan Petkov explores the tramway renaissance in Western Europe from a socio-technical standpoint and focuses on the development in Germany, France, and England. A multiple case analysis reveals the drivers, impact forces, actors and interest constellations behind the tramway renaissance in these countries and demonstrates the large variations in local systems and their style. A key finding is that there can be quite different paths to the success of tramway systems, but this success usually comes at a cost and can have a comprehensive character only if the systems are considered an integral part of the overarching strategies and concepts for urban and regional development.
Post-Socialist Urban Infrastructures Tauri Tuvikene 2019-06-03 Post-Socialist Urban Infrastructures critically elaborates on often forgotten, but some of the most essential, aspects of contemporary urban life, namely infrastructures, and links them to a discussion of post-socialist transformation. As the skeletons of cities, infrastructures capture the ways in which urban environments are assembled and urban lives unfold. Focusing on post-socialist cities, marked by neoliberalisation, polarisation and hybridity, this book offers new and enriching perspectives on urban infrastructures by centering on the often marginalised aspects of urban research—transport, green spaces, and water and heating provision. Featuring cases from West and East alike, the book covers examples from Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Serbia, Croatia, Germany, Russia, Georgia, Lithuania, Poland, the Czech Republic, Tajikistan, and India. It provides original insights into the infrastructural back end of post-socialist cities for scholars, planners and activists interested in urban geography, cultural and social anthropology, and urban studies.
Suburbanizing the Masses Colin Divall 2017-09-29 This title was first published in 2003. Suburbanizing the Masses examines how collective forms of transport have contributed to the spatial and social evolution of towns and cities in various countries since the mid nineteenth century. Divided into two sections, the volume develops first the classic tradition on transport and the city, public transport's 'impact' on urban development. The contextualisation of transport is one important factor in the historical debates surrounding urban development. As well as analysing the discourse employed by urban political and business elites in favour of public transport, these contributions show the degree to which practice often fell short of ideals. The second section tackles the professional paradigms of urban transport: the circulation of traffic in cities and the technological modes appropriate to its realization. In particular these contributions explore the paradigms held by professional planners and managers, and the political classes associated with them. From a variety of perspectives Suburbanizing the Masses demonstrates the continuing relevance of socio-historical inquiry on the relationship between public transport and urban development. By differentiating between the many roles of urban transport in the nineteenth century, it confirms that public transport was not directly linked to urban growth, and instead often had only a limited effect on the wider urban structure. Suburbanizing the Masses forces a reassessment of the received historiography that maintains cheap public transport was essential to the spectacular growth of cites in the nineteenth century.
The Decline of Transit Glenn Yago 1984-04-27 An examination of the social, political and technological forces that shaped our cities and their transportation systems.
Recent Advances in Town Planning Thomas Adams 1932
Recreations of an Anthologist Brander Matthews 1904 "So far as I am aware no one has hitherto drawn attention to the obvious fact that the motives of the collector of buttons and of boot-heels are closely akin to those of the literary anthologists who gather into a single volume the scattered poems or prose specimens which seem to belong together." -- Introduction
Man Is Wolf to Man Janusz Bardach 1999-09-21 Chronicles the author's life during his stay at the Kolyma prison camp in Siberia
Finite Elements in Plasticity D. R. J. Owen 1980
Private Sector Participation in Light Rail-Light Metro Transit Initiatives Cledan Mandri-Perrott 2010-01-21 This book aims to help governments and public authorities to establish effective light rail-light metro transit (LRMT) systems, and focuses on use of Public Private Participation (PPP) arrangements. Rather than identify a single approach, we present options and discuss practical issues related to preparing and implementing new LRMT PPP schemes. The approach is focused on providing information that can be used to make informed decisions, adapted to local policy and objectives. The material presented is intended as a practical guide to developing LRMT PPPs in both developed and developing countries. This work endeavors to provide answers to readers questions regarding how to successfully incorporate private sector participation in LRMT with a lesser emphasis on why LRMT and the private sector may be beneficial. The primary focus of this text is guiding the reader from design through to project implementation. It starts from the premise that underlying transport policy decisions will have already been made and that LRMT has already been identified as the appropriate transport solution. We have included some limited discussion of policy and technical issues where these directly impact the LRMT PPP approach. The approach is presented in nine sections, and in preparing it the author drew on current international LRMT PPP experience, through a series of interviews and case studies. The sections covered are: 1. Urban Transport and Light Rail/Light Metro Transit (LRMT) 2. Selected Technical Aspects 3. Incorporating Private Sector Participation in LRMT Initiatives 4. Understanding and Allocating Risk 5. Specifications, Oversight and Performance Management 6. Funding and finance 7. Developing a PPP Agreement 8. Procurement 9. Conclusions and Recommendations
F&S Index Europe Annual 1993
Rough Guide Phrasebook: Polish Rough Guides 2012-02-01 The Rough Guide Polish Phrasebook is the definitive phrasebook to help you make the most of your time in Poland. Whether you want to book a hotel room, ask what time the train leaves or buy a drink from the bar, this new phrasebook has a dictionary of over 5,000 words and will help you communicate with the locals in no time. The free audio downloads, recorded by native Polish speakers, can be downloaded to your computer or MP3, allowing you to listen to the correct pronunciation of essential dialogues, ideal for practicing before you go or while you're there. There's even a regional pronunciation guide and Rough Guide travel tips, so wherever you are you can get around and speak the lingo. The Rough Guide Polish Phrasebook has an extensive two-way dictionary packed with vocabulary and a helpful menu and drinks list reader, perfect for choosing the right dish in any restaurant. With this phrasebook you'll never run out of things to say! Make the most of your trip to Poland with The Rough Guide Polish Phrasebook.
Trams in Western Europe Michael Taplin 2002 113 systems are represented, 13 are new since Light Rail in Europe was published in 1995. The aim is to give a brief description of each system, with basic tabulated rolling stock details, and appropriate illustrations to give the reader a feel for the town or city.
Amnesty International Report 2008 Amnesty International 2008 This annual report documents human rights abuses by governments and armed opposition groups in 150 countries across the world. It provides an invaluable reference guide to international human rights developments.
The Socialist Car Lewis H. Siegelbaum 2013-04-18 Across the Soviet Bloc, from the 1960s until the collapse of communism, the automobile exemplified the tension between the ideological imperatives of political authorities and the aspirations of ordinary citizens. For the latter, the automobile was the ticket to personal freedom and a piece of the imagined consumer paradise of the West. For the authorities, the personal car was a private, mobile space that challenged the most basic assumptions of the collectivity. The "socialist car"-and the car culture that built up around it-was the result of an always unstable compromise between official ideology, available resources, and the desires of an increasingly restless citizenry. In The Socialist Car, eleven scholars from Europe and North America explore in vivid detail the interface between the motorcar and the state socialist countries of Eastern Europe, including the USSR. In addition to the metal, glass, upholstery, and plastic from which the Ladas, Dacias, Trabants, and other still extant but aging models were fabricated, the socialist car embodied East Europeans' longings and compromises, hopes and disappointments. The socialist car represented both aspirations of overcoming the technological gap between the capitalist first and socialist second worlds and dreams of enhancing personal mobility and status. Certain features of automobility-shortages and privileges, waiting lists and lack of readily available credit, the inadequacy of streets and highways-prevailed across the Soviet Bloc. In this collective history, the authors put aside both ridicule and nostalgia in the interest of trying to understand the socialist car in its own context.
History of the J.G. Brill Company Debra Brill 2001 A biography of a company that for years was on the cutting edge of development of a rapidly evolving and growing industry--production of streetcars and railroad cars.
Predicasts F & S Index Europe Annual 1993
An American Original, the PCC Car Seymour Kashin 1986
The German Fifth Column in Poland Polish Ministry of Information 2014-05-31 A little known fact of history is how the Fifth Column-a minority German population living inside Poland-aided the German invasion in September, 1939. The simple version of history is that Polish forces were outgunned and outmanned by the Wehrmacht. The truth is more complicated. This well-documented, thoroughly researched report by the Polish Ministry of Information in 1940 details the treacheries of Germans on their Polish neighbors. As German troops crossed the Polish border on September 1, Fifth Columnists were ready, marking targets for German pilots, spreading false information to cause panic, spying on Polish troop movements, firing on Polish soldiers, sabotaging Polish facilities, and executing Polish patriots. Most fascinating is how well coordinated the activities were between the Wehrmacht and the Fifth Column, which had been carefully trained and well equipped months before the invasion. Under the very noses of their Polish neighbors, Germans living in Poland had buried stockpiles of fuel and ammunition, concealed their insignias under their regular clothes and even armed their Lutheran church towers as strategic sniper positions. As the German occupation of Poland began its bloody rule of terror and the war spread to other countries, the truth of the Fifth Column was buried under ever more horrible news. Still, it is an important lesson in national security and the possible enemy within, hiding in plain sight and waiting to strike at the right moment.
World Trolleybus Encyclopaedia Alan G. Murray 2000
Bowser the Hound Thornton Waldo Burgess 1920 When Bowser the Hound gets lost in the Green Forest, Blacky the Crow and other animals decide to help him.
Twelve Years a Slave Solomon Northup 101-01-01 "Having been born a freeman, and for more than thirty years enjoyed the blessings of liberty in a free State—and having at the end of that time been kidnapped and sold into Slavery, where I remained, until happily rescued in the month of January, 1853, after a bondage of twelve years—it has been suggested that an account of my life and fortunes would not be uninteresting to the public." -an excerpt
Crossword Lists Anne Stibbs 2005
Civil engineering heritage in Europe Gorazd Humar 2009
Surviving Freedom Janusz Bardach 2003-05-01 A man who was arrested during StalinÆs reign of terror recalls his near-fatal internment in a Siberian prison camp during the 1940s and his experiences as a medical student in Stalinist Russia after he was released. (History)
Memories of Franz Bardon Lumir Bardon 2004
PCC Cars of North America Harold E. Cox 1963
Crossword Solver Anne Stibbs 2000 An aid to solving crosswords. It contains over 100,000 potential solutions, including plurals, comparative and superlative adjectives, and inflections of verbs. The list extends to first names, place names and technical terms, euphemisms and compound expressions, as well as abbreviations.
A New Deal for Transport Iain Docherty 2003-10-17 Comprising contributions from a range of experts, this volume offers a critical commentary on the government's sustainable transport policy. A critical commentary on the Blair government's sustainable transport policy and its implementation. Firmly rooted in an appreciation of the politics of this controversial field. Experts contribute up-to-the-minute analyses of the key issues. Will inform debate over the future of transport policy. Includes a Foreword by David Begg, Chair of the Commission for Integrated Transport.
Khadijah Goes to School Asim Hussain 2015
Project Based Teaching Suzie Boss 2018-09-20 It's no secret that in today's complex world, students face unparalleled demands as they prepare for college, careers, and active citizenship. However, those demands won't be met without a fundamental shift from traditional, teacher-centered instruction toward innovative, student-centered teaching and learning. For schools ready to make such a shift, project-based learning (PBL) offers a proven framework to help students be better equipped to tackle future challenges. Project Based Teachers encourage active questioning, curiosity, and peer learning; create learning environments in which every student has a voice; and have a mastery of content but are also comfortable responding to students' questions by saying, "I don’t know. Let's find out together." In this book, Suzie Boss and John Larmer build on the framework for Gold Standard PBL originally presented in Setting the Standard for Project Based Learning and explore the seven practices integral to Project Based Teaching: Build the Culture Design and Plan Align to Standards Manage Activities Assess Student Learning Scaffold Student Learning Engage and Coach For each practice, the authors present a wide range of practical strategies and include teachers' reflections about and suggestions from their classroom experiences. This book and a related series of free videos provide a detailed look at what's happening in PBL classrooms from the perspective of the Project Based Teacher. Let's find out together. A copublication of ASCD and Buck Institute for Education (BIE).
Glossary of Automotive Terms Society of Automotive Engineers 1988 This comprehensive glossary brings together in one handy volume over 10,500 current automotive terms. From "A-pillar'' to "Zones of Reach'' the Glossary provides you with over 500 pages of alphabetically listed definitions collected from the SAE Handbook. For further research each definition references the SAE standard or specification from which it was taken. The new Glossary of Automotive Terms is an essential reference for anyone in the industry.
Architects' Data Ernst Neufert 1991-01-15 This is an essential aid in the initial design and planning of a project. The relevant building type is located by a comprehensive index and cross reference system, a condensed commentary covers user requireements, planning criteria, basic dimensions and other considerations of function, siting aspect etc. A system of references based on an extensive bibliography supports the text. In every section plans, sections, site layouts, design details and graphs illustrated key aspects of a building type's design. Most illustrations are dimensioned or scaled - the metric system of measurement is used throughout, and the equivalent in feet/inches can easily be read either off a graphic scale on the page or from the built-in conversion table. The illustrations are international in origin and include both well know and less famous designers. Architects Data is primarily a handbook of building types rather than of construction techniques and details. However its treatment of components (such as doors and windows) and of spaces for building services is extremely thorough, since consideration of this data is an essential element of the planning process. The opening pages of basic data on man and his buildings cover critical subjects such as scale, drawing practice, noise, light and space for the same reason. Particular attention has also been paid to the implications of energy conservation, means of escape from fire and the needs of the elderly and the disabled.
The Columbia Guide to the Literatures of Eastern Europe Since 1945 Harold B. Segel 2003 The Iron Curtain concealed from western eyes a vital group of national and regional writers. Marked by not only geographical proximity but also by the shared experience of communism and its collapse, the countries of Eastern Europe -- Poland, Hungary, Albania, Romania, Bulgaria, and the former states of Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, and East Germany -- share literatures that reveal many common themes when examined together. Compiled by a leading scholar, the guide includes an overview of literary trends in historical context; a listing of some 700 authors by country; and an A-to-Z section of articles on the most influential writers.
Anagram Solver Bloomsbury Publishing 2009-01-01 Anagram Solver is the essential guide to cracking all types of quiz and crossword featuring anagrams. Containing over 200,000 words and phrases, Anagram Solver includes plural noun forms, palindromes, idioms, first names and all parts of speech. Anagrams are grouped by the number of letters they contain with the letters set out in alphabetical order so that once the letters of an anagram are arranged alphabetically, finding the solution is as easy as locating the word in a dictionary.
Light Rail Transit Systems European Conference of Ministers of Transport 1994

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