WWII Fighter Hawker Tempest Mark V free papercraft download

WWII Fighter Hawker Tempest Mark V free papercraft download


WWII Fighter Hawker Tempest Mark V free papercraft

This is a paper model, below is the histroy of the Hawker Tempest Mark V:

The Hawker Tempest was a British fighter aircraft primarily used by the Royal Air Force (RAF) in the Second World War. The Tempest was an improved derivative of the Hawker Typhoon, and one of the most powerful fighter aircraft used during the war.

The Mk V was a much different Tempest to the Mk I with many improvements over preceding variants. The Mk Vs received the initially problem-plagued Napier Sabre II series engines developing in excess of 2,000 hp (1,491 kW) with their H-24 cylinder configuration. Compared with the Mk I prototype, the wing root oil coolers were moved to a location directly behind the main "chin" radiator. The first production Tempest V, JN729 was first flown by test pilot Bill Humble on 21 June 1943. Several of the early production aircraft underwent extensive service trials at Boscombe Down including clearances to be fitted with external stores, including 500 lb (227 kg) and 1,000 lb (454 kg) bombs and 3 in (76.2 mm) RP-3 rockets. Examination of captured Fw 190s brought about improvements in the windscreen/ side windows; by careful design and positioning of the frame structure blind spots were reduced to an absolute minimum.

During production of the first batch of 100 (JNxxx serialled) Tempest Vs changes were progressively introduced:

The rear fuselage fuselage/empennage joint originally featured the 20 external reinforcing "fishplates" first seen fitted to the Typhoon. Sometime during this production batch the rear fuselage was modified and became detachable. The first Tempest Vs used long barrelled 20 mm (.79 in) Hispano Mk. IIs which projected ahead of the wing leading edges. These were later replaced by short barrelled Mk. Vs which were flush with the leading edges. "Five spoke" wheels, of a similar pattern to those of the Typhoon, were later replaced by a reinforced "four spoke" pattern.

Initially, Tempest Vs used a built-up rear spar pick-up/bulkhead assembly (just behind the cockpit) which was adapted from the Typhoon. Small blisters on the upper rear wing root fairing covered the securing bolts. This was later changed to a new forged, lightweight assembly which connected to new spar booms: the upper wing root blisters were replaced by small "teardrop" fairings under the wings. The new spar structure also allowed the wings to carry up to 2,000 lb (907 kg) of external stores. Also developed specifically for the Tempest by Hawker was a streamlined 45 gal (205 l) "drop tank" and carrier fairing; the redesigned wing incorporated the plumbing for these tanks, one to each wing. The ailerons were fitted with spring-loaded tabs which lightened the aerodynamic loads, making them easier for the pilot to use and dramatically improving the roll rate above 250 mph (402 km/h). Different models of the Sabre II were introduced. The later versions were capable of producing over 2,400 hp (1,789 kW) on emergency boost for short periods of time.

As in all mass-produced aircraft, there may have been some overlap of these features as new components became available. In mid to late 1944 other features were introduced to both the Typhoon and Tempest: A Rebecca transponder unit was fitted, with the associated aerial appearing under the portside centre section. A small, elongated oval static port appeared on the rear starboard fuselage, just above the red centre spot. This was apparently used to more accurately measure the aircraft's altitude.

Unusually, in spite of the Tempest V being the RAF's best low to medium altitude fighter, it was not equipped with the new Mk IIC gyroscopic gunsight, an asset which was fitted in RAF Spitfires and Mustangs from mid-1944 and one which considerably improved the chances of shooting down opposing aircraft. Tempest pilots continued to use the Mk.IIL reflector gunsight until just after World War II, when the gyro-gunsight was introduced in Tempest IIs.

In December 1943, the US Army Air Forces Materiel Command tested the Tempest V JN729 and concluded with: The Tempest should prove to be a very excellent fighter airplane. It is easy to fly and exhibits very desirable fighter characteristics coupled with excellent performance.

Externally the Tempest V bore a strong resemblance to the Typhoon: the longer nose, thinner wings and larger tail unit, with a gracefully curved dorsal fin, enhanced the looks of the fighter, and were the most noticeable differences.

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