This paper model is the Swedenborg's Flying Machine, designed by RocketmanTan. Swedenborg's Flying Machine was first sketched by the Swedish scientist Emanuel Swedenborg in 1714, when he was 26 years old. It was later published in his periodical in 1716. It postdates Leonardo da Vinci's designs.
In 1710, Swedenborg travelled from Sweden to London to complete his studies. When there he encountered many cutting edge intellectual discoveries, which inspired him to try and invent devices of his own, including a submarine and a flying machine. We know about this because he wrote about it in a letter home.
The sketch from his notebook was found in 1868 in Linköping by a visiting researcher from the United States of America, and dates from 1714. It is referred to as "The Manuscript": the published description is referred to as "The Published Account".
The image shows the flying machine from above looking down. It consists of one large wing. In the middle of it is a hole with a basket, where the pilot stands. There are two "paddles" on the wings. These are used by the pilot like oars in a boat, except in this case they only move up and down. Underneath the ship is the landing gear. It consists of four long poles, which we can not see since they are below the ship. We can see the end of two of them though. In between them is a weight, which is used to keep the ship balanced.
The wing is a light frame covered with strong canvas. The large wing would work as a glider, and by working the paddles up and down the pilot would keep the plane in the air, Swedenborg initially hoped.
The Flying Machine was not widely known until the discovery of the notebook in 1876. it was examined for the first time in 1910 by the Royal Aeronautical Society of Great Britain. They called it "the first reasonable suggestion to build a heavier-than-air flying machine." By then working heavier-than-air flying machines had been built, and so it did not play any part in the development of aviation. It was then analyzed by the Smithsonian Institution in 1962, who compared its features with that of later aircraft. A model of the ship was created and stands in the Air & Space section of the museum.
You can download this papercraft here: Swedenborg's Flying Machine Free Paper Model Download