Space Papercraft - Mercury Capsule and LES Free Download

Space Papercraft - Mercury Capsule and LES Free Download


Space Papercraft - Mercury Capsule and LES Free DownloadThese space papercrafts are Mercury Capsule and Launch Escape System (LES). These paper models are from pe2tr. Project Mercury was the first human spaceflight program of the United States. It ran from 1959 through 1963 with two goals: putting a human in orbit around the Earth, and doing it before the Soviet Union, as part of the early space race. It succeeded in the first but not the second: in the first Mercury mission on 5 May 1961, Alan Shepard became the first American in space; however the Soviet Union had put Yuri Gagarin into space one month earlier. John Glenn became the first American to reach orbit on February 20, 1962, during the third manned Mercury flight.

The program included 20 unmanned launches, followed by two suborbital and four orbital flights with astronaut pilots. Early planning and research were carried out by the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), but the program was officially conducted by its successor organization, NASA. It also absorbed the USAF program Man In Space Soonest which had had the same objectives. Mercury laid the groundwork for Project Gemini and the follow-on Apollo moon-landing program.

The project name came from Mercury, a Roman god often seen as a symbol of speed. Mercury is also the name of the innermost planet of the Solar System, which moves faster than any other and hence provides an image of speed, although Project Mercury had no other connection to the planet.

The Mercury Spacecraft was the first American manned spacecraft. Each Mercury capsule was named by the astronaut who flew in it. The names of all capsules ended with the number 7. The "7" was intended to suggest the teamwork of the astronaut group. The astronauts flew solo in cone-shaped capsules.

The capsules were two meters long and 1.89 metres wide. A cylinder was mounted to the top of each capsule with a 5.8 metre escape tower attached to it. Heat shields protected the capsule and astronaut from the 3,000 degree Fahrenheit reentry. The astronaut lay in the spacecraft with his back to the shield. The capsule's narrow nose housed the parachutes that slowed its descent through the atmosphere before splashdown.

Max Faget was chiefly responsible for the design of the Mercury spacecraft. Max Faget was also influential in the design of Gemini, Apollo and Shuttle spacecraft.

Two launch vehicles (rockets) were used during the Mercury Project: a Redstone rocket launched the MR-3 and MR-4 suborbital flights and an Atlas rocket was used for the remaining four orbital flights.

The missions steadily increased in duration from 15 minutes and 22 seconds to 34 hours, 19 minutes and 49 seconds.[via aerospaceguide]

You can download these space papercrafts from here: Space Papercraft - Mercury Capsule and LES Free Download