This aircraft paper model is a Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor fighter, a single-seat, twin-engine fifth-generation supermaneuverable fighter aircraft that uses stealth technology, the paper model was created by Name Craft. It was designed primarily as an air superiority fighter, but has additional capabilities that include ground attack, electronic warfare, and signals intelligence roles. Lockheed Martin Aeronautics is the prime contractor and is responsible for the majority of the airframe, weapon systems and final assembly of the F-22. Program partner Boeing Defense, Space & Security provides the wings, aft fuselage, avionics integration, and training systems.
The aircraft was variously designated F-22 and F/A-22 during the years prior to formally entering USAF service in December 2005 as the F-22A. Despite a protracted and costly development period, the United States Air Force considers the F-22 a critical component of U.S. tactical air power, and claims that the aircraft is unmatched by any known or projected fighter. Lockheed Martin claims that the Raptor's combination of stealth, speed, agility, precision and situational awareness, combined with air-to-air and air-to-ground combat capabilities, makes it the best overall fighter in the world today. Air Chief Marshal Angus Houston, former Chief of the Australian Defence Force, said in 2004 that the "F-22 will be the most outstanding fighter plane ever built."
The high cost of the aircraft, a lack of clear air-to-air combat missions because of delays in the Russian and Chinese fifth-generation fighter programs, a U.S. ban on Raptor exports, and the ongoing development of the planned cheaper and more versatile F-35 resulted in calls to end F-22 production. In April 2009, the U.S. Department of Defense proposed to cease placing new orders, subject to Congressional approval, for a final procurement tally of 187 operational aircraft. The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 lacked funding for further F-22 production. The final F-22 rolled off the assembly line on 13 December 2011 during a ceremony at Dobbins Air Reserve Base.
Since 2010 the F-22 has been plagued by unresolved problems with its pilot oxygen systems which contributed to one crash and death of a pilot. In 2011 the fleet was grounded for four months before resuming flight operations, but reports of oxygen systems issues have continued. In July 2012, the Air Force announced that the hypoxia-like symptoms experienced were caused by a faulty valve in the pilots' pressure vest; the valve was replaced and changes to the filtration system were also made. For more information of the F-22 please click here.
- Crew: 1
- Length: 62 ft 1 in (18.90 m)
- Wingspan: 44 ft 6 in (13.56 m)
- Height: 16 ft 8 in (5.08 m)
- Wing area: 840 ft² (78.04 m²)
- Airfoil: NACA 64A?05.92 root, NACA 64A?04.29 tip
- Empty weight: 43,430 lb (19,700 kg)
- Loaded weight: 64,460 lb (29,300 kg)
- Max. takeoff weight: 83,500 lb (38,000 kg)
- Powerplant: 2 × Pratt & Whitney F119-PW-100 Pitch Thrust vectoring turbofans
- Dry thrust: 23,500 lb (104 kN) each
- Thrust with afterburner: 35,000+ lb (156+ kN) each
- Fuel capacity: 18,000 lb (8,200 kg) internally, or 26,000 lb (11,900 kg) with two external fuel tanks. About 3,050 gal or 20,333 lb JP-8 (without additions) internally.
- Maximum speed:
- At altitude: Mach 2.25 (1,500 mph, 2,410 km/h)
- Supercruise: Mach 1.82 (1,220 mph, 1,963 km/h)
- Range: >1,600 nmi (1,840 mi, 2,960 km) with 2 external fuel tanks
- Combat radius: 410 nmi (with 100 nmi in supercruise) (471 mi, 759 km)
- Ferry range: 2,000 mi (1,738 nmi, 3,219 km)
- Service ceiling: 65,000 ft (currently restricted to 44,000 ft, sans vests) (19,812 m)
- Rate of climb: 40,000+ ft/min (200 m/s)
- Wing loading: 77 lb/ft² (375 kg/m²)
- Thrust/weight: 1.09 (1.26 with loaded weight & 50% fuel)
- Maximum design g-load: -3.0/+9.0 g
- Guns: 1× 20 mm (0.787 in) M61A2 Vulcan 6-barreled gatling cannon in starboard wing root, 480 rounds
- Air to air loadout:
- 6× AIM-120 AMRAAM
- 2× AIM-9 Sidewinder
- Air to ground loadout:
- 2× AIM-120 AMRAAM and
- 2× AIM-9 Sidewinder for self-protection, and one of the following:
- 2× 1,000 lb (450 kg) JDAM or
- 8× 250 lb (110 kg) GBU-39 Small Diameter Bombs
- Hardpoints: 4× under-wing pylon stations can be fitted to carry 600 U.S. gallon drop tanks or weapons, each with a capacity of 5,000 lb (2,268 kg).
- RWR (Radar warning receiver): 250 nmi (463 km) or more
- Radar: 125–150 miles (200–240 km) against 1 m2 (11 sq ft) targets
- Chemring MJU-39/40 flares for protection against IR missiles.