Ilyushin Il-2 Sturmovik Free Aircraft Paper Model Download

Ilyushin Il-2 Sturmovik Free Aircraft Paper Model Download

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Ilyushin Il-2 Sturmovik Free Aircraft Paper Model DownloadThis Il-2 fighter paper model is designed by stahlhart. The Ilyushin Il-2 was a ground-attack aircraft (Shturmovik) in the Second World War, produced by the Soviet Union in very large numbers. In combination with its successor, the Ilyushin Il-10, a total of 42,330 were built, making it the single most produced military aircraft design in all of aviation history, as well as one of the most produced piloted aircraft in history along with the American postwar civilian Cessna 172 and the Soviets' own Polikarpov Po-2. It is regarded as the best ground attack aircraft of World War II. It was a prominent aircraft for tank killing with its accuracy in dive bombing and its 23mm guns being able to penetrate tanks' thin back armour. To Il-2 pilots, the aircraft was simply the diminutive "Ilyusha". To the soldiers on the ground, it was the "Hunchback", the "Flying Tank" or the "Flying Infantryman". Its postwar NATO reporting name was "Bark". The Il-2 aircraft played a crucial role on the Eastern Front, and in Soviet opinion it was the most decisive aircraft in the history of modern land warfare. Joseph Stalin paid the Il-2 a great tribute in his own inimitable manner: when a particular production factory fell behind on its deliveries, Stalin sent an angrily-worded cable to the factory manager, stating "They are as essential to the Red Army as air and bread."

The early two-seater prototype proved to be too heavy for the limited power of the early AM-35 engine. A redesigned single seat version was soon developed and saw combat, particularly in the early phase of the war in in the Soviet. While the Il-2 proved to be a deadly air-to-ground weapon, heavy losses resulted from its vulnerability to fighter attack. Consequently, in February 1942, the two-seat design was revived. The Il-2M, with a rear gunner under the stretched canopy, entered service in September 1942 with surviving single-seaters eventually modified to this standard. Later changes included an upgrade from 20 mm to 23 mm to 37 mm cannons, aerodynamic improvements, use of wooden outer wing panels instead of metal and increased fuel capacity. In 1943, the Il-2 Type 3 or Il-2m3 came out with redesigned wings that were swept back 15 degrees on the outer panels, and nearly straight trailing edges, resulting in a wing planform somewhat like the AT-6 trainer. Performance and handling were much improved and this became the most common version of the Il-2. A radial engine powered variant of the Il-2 with the Shvetsov ASh-82 engine was proposed in 1942 to remedy projected shortages in Mikulin inline engines. However, the ASh-82 was also used in the new Lavochkin La-5 fighter which effectively secured all available engines to the Lavochkin bureau. The radial engine Sukhoi Su-2 ground attack aircraft was produced in small quantities, but was generally considered unsuitable due to inadequate performance and lack of defensive armament.

TsKB-55: Two-seat prototype, AM-35 engine, first flight: 2 October 1939.BSh-2: VVS designation for TsKB-55 prototype.TsKB-57: Single-seat prototype, AM-38 engine, first flight: 12 October 1940.
Il-2 (TsKB-57P): Single-seat serial airplane, AM-38 engine, first flight 29 December 1940, some delivered to combat units in May–June 1941. Renamed to Il-2 in April 1941. Cannons 20 mm ShVAK or 23 mm VYa (depending on factory which manufactured Il-2).
Il-2 two seat: Two-seat version, AM-38 engine, first action 30 October 1942 near Stalingrad. Maximum bomb load reduced from 600 kg to 400 kg. Used on edges of flight formations for defence against German fighters. Quickly replaced by "Il-2 production of 1943".
Il-2 production of 1943: Referred in west as "Il-2M". Powered by an upgraded AM-38F engine. Delivered to front units since early 1943. In 1943, 20 mm ShVAK armed Il-2 production faded out, leaving only 23 mm VYa versions.
Il-2 with NS-37: Referred in west as "Il-2 Type 3M". Based on two seat Il-2, armed with Nudelman-Suranov NS-37 instead of 20/23 mm cannons, this version is an approach to anti-tank airplane, prepared for the Battle of Kursk. However, combat effectiveness was quite low and production of version was limited to about 3,500. Moreover, bomb load decreased from 600 kg to 200 kg. It was replaced by conventional Il-2 attackers armed with cassettes with cumulative bomblets.
Il-2 production 1944 "wing with arrow": Referred in West as "Il-2M3" or "Il-2 Type 3". As more duralumin became available for the Soviet aviation industry, the Il-2 received a set of all-metal wing panels. At the same time, the outer wing planform was swept back, with a straight trailing edge, since the centre of gravity shifted back after the gunner was added. The wing planform change regained controllability of the two-seat Il-2 back to level of the single-seat Il-2.
Il-2U: Training version, also known as UIl-2.
Il-2T: Torpedo bomber version for the Soviet Navy with removed 23 mm cannons, able to carry a single 45 cm (18 in) torpedo. Evidently, there was design only or a small number of the regular Il-2M-3 of the 23rd Attack Air Regiment of the AF of the Black Sea Fleet were equipped with the torpedo racks in the field circumstances, but no such a planes ever noted in the battle sortie logs.
Il-2I: Armoured fighter, prototype only. Concept based on several dogfights between Il-2 and Luftwaffe bombers. Proved infeasible due to its low speed: only older Luftwaffe bombers could be intercepted.
Il-2 with M-82: A backup project prepared while plants producing AM-35/AM-38 were evacuated. Trials demonstrated that with fighter engine loss of low-altitude performance and controllability was unacceptable.

There are 28 versions for this paper model:
V-VS green
V-VS For Ostradnov
V-VS Red 8
V-VS Death to the Fascist Occupiers
Il-2 M-82 (aka Il-4)
V-VS Honor of the Guard
V-VS Winter Camo
V-VS For the U.S.S.R.
V-VS Avenger
V-VS For Leningrad
V-VS Jefirmova
V-VS Pavlov
Torpedo Bomber
Tankbuster
Soviet Trainer
Polish Air Force Camo
Polish Air Force Green
Polish Air Force Trainer
Yugoslavian Air Force Grey
Yugoslavian Night Attack
Czechoslovakian Air Force
Bulgarian Air Force
Mongolian People's Air Force
Royal Hungarian Air Force
Luftwaffe
Royal Air Force
white single-seater
white Type 3

You can download this fighter papercraft from here: Ilyushin Il-2 Sturmovik Free Aircraft Paper Model Download

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