This boat paper model is designed by mojobob. In the days of sailing ships, a vessel would carry several ship's boats for various uses. One would be a longboat, an open boat to be rowed by eight or ten oarsmen, two per thwart. In other words the longboat was double banked: its rowing benches were designed to accommodate two men.
Unlike the dinghy or the cutter, the longboat would have fairly fine lines aft to permit its use in steep waves such as surf or wind against tide where need be. Like other ships' boats, the longboat could be rigged for sailing but was primarily a pulling boat. It had the double-banked arrangement in common with the cutter. This was possible as it had a beam similar to a cutter's but broader than that of a gig, which was single banked.
The longboat was generally more seaworthy than the cutter, which had a fuller stern for such load-carrying work as laying out an anchor and cable. In a seaway or surf therefore, the cutter was more prone to broaching to.
The Oxford English Dictionary notes uses of the word from 1515 to 1867. In later years, particularly in the Royal Navy, the longboat tended to be replaced by the whaler. The cutter was still in use in the 1950s but had been largely replaced by the 32 foot and 25 foot motor cutters.
In some places such as Tristan da Cunha and Pitcairn Island, the surfboats are known as longboats, perhaps because the settlers who introduced them were European seamen. The Tristan da Cunha boats are single banked.
This is a work in progress which I've been meaning to get around to finishing for a good long time now. I've since become resigned to the fact that finishing it may be some way off in the distant future, so I've elected instead to upload the model now, since it's in a more-or-less useable state. (NOTE: The figures don't come with the model. Just in case you thought I had some magic way of storing 25mm lead figures in a PDF file.)
This modelis a PDF file of about 50 kilobytes. Construction isn't difficult, but it's not entirely straightforward either. Following are some basic instructions:
- Cut out all the bits - don't cut along dotted lines; those are fold lines. Score along any fold lines. Note that both sides of the hull are butted up against each other on the printed page, you will need to cut them apart.
- Glue the rudder and prow areas of the hull sides together. Be careful not to get glue anywhere else. Leave the glue to dry thoroughly before moving to the next step.
- Cut and fold all the tabs on the BASE part, and push it down between the two HULL sections. The curved edge of the hull sections are glued to these tabs, and the sides need to splay out so that the curve ends up flush with the flat base. You may find it helpful to glue something rigid to the base to keep it flat — ice-block (popsicle) sticks work well.
- Bend the strakes (the sticky-outy bits) of the DECK part and push the deck down between the two hulls. Glue the strakes to the inside of each hull so that they butt up against the scored line at the upper edge of the hulls.
IMPORTANT: Start gluing the strakes from the middle of the deck and move steadily forward and back, alternating. If you try to glue it all in one go, you will almost certainly fail, and then you'll swear and think Bad Thoughts about me, and I don't want that.
- fold over the upper edges of the hulls, and glue them over the top edges of the strakes.
- Fold and glue the rudder bar around the sternpost.[via Author's Site]
You can download this longboat paper model from here: A Longboat Free Papercraft Download